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What is a buyback guarantee and how does it work?

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What exactly does "buyback guarantee" mean?

When considering an investment in peer-to-peer lending, why should you consider buyback guarantees?

Ought I to Give Preference to Loans That Come With Buyback Guarantee?

A Closing Statement from Sneakypeer


Have you been perplexed about the concept of the "buyback guarantee" in relation to peer-to-peer lending?

Many investors in peer-to-peer markets recommend putting your money solely into loans that come with a repurchase guarantee. This ensures that you won't end up losing your money. Is what you're saying accurate, and can you put your faith in it?

In this piece, I will go more into the repurchase guarantee that is provided by many Peer-to-Peer Lending platforms. I will discuss the distinctions between various buyback guarantees so that you are informed of how this particular guarantee safeguards your financial investment.

What exactly does "buyback guarantee" mean?

The buyback guarantee is a type of contract that is used in peer-to-peer lending. This contract is made between the lender as well as the loan originator. Lenders will be protected against defaulting borrowers as a result of its implementation. The repurchase guarantee is provided by the party who originated the loan. On a lending platform, the loans for which the repurchase provision is applicable will often be denoted with a shield.

If a borrower falls behind on their payments for a predetermined amount of time, which ranges from 30 to 90 days on average, the repurchase guarantee will kick in and require the borrower to repay the money. The person who originated the loan is required to purchase back the debt in whole or in part. It will repay lenders for remaining principle, as well as some or all of the interest plus penalty costs, depending on the nature of the repurchase guarantee. Loans available on platforms such as Mintos and PeerBerry have 60 day buyback guarantees.

When considering an investment in peer-to-peer lending, why should you consider buyback guarantees?

The primary advantage of the buyback guarantee is that it increases the likelihood that an investor would get the cash flow that was anticipated as a result of investing in loans that were issued by loan originator. In the event that a loan goes into default, you as just an investor will not be required to wait for loan to be repaid or for default claim to be settled, which may take years. As a result of this, the cashflow associated with this kind of contract is more reliably predictable throughout the course of the near term. In spite of this, there is a greater possibility of a reduction in cash flow in the event that the loan originator who guaranteed the repurchase declares bankruptcy.

What you have been doing is, in essence, investing in a loan with a larger risk, and the investment is composed of two pledges:

  • The borrower's commitment to return to the originator and the originator's repurchase guarantee with the platform

  • The additional pledge is made with the expectation that it would compensate for the higher risk.

The repurchase guarantee essentially establishes a connection between the failing of loans and the organisation that is responsible for issuing them. An incentive structure for loan producers to accept poor applicants in order to earn a commission more quickly is diminished as a result of this change.

One of the advantages of making an investment in a p2p loan that comes with a repurchase guarantee is that it enables you to more accurately forecast the amount of cash flow and interest collected from the portfolio of loans. Additionally, the loan originator has incentives that are comparable to those of the lender to supply quality loans. As soon as the organization that granted the loans continues in business, it will be required to buy back any debts that have been defaulted on.

Ought I to Give Preference to Loans That Come With Buyback Guarantee?

If you want to make money through peer-to-peer lending, you shouldn't restrict yourself to solely investing in loans that come with a repurchase guarantee.

Why? Because of this, it is clear that you will only do business on peer-to-peer platforms that follow a four-party business model. This model incorporates:

Four parties are involved: 

  • The borrower

  • The investor

  • The peer-to-peer platform

  • The loan originator.

When compared to a three-party business model which does not require an unbiased loan originator, the framework in the four-party business strategy is more complicated and difficult to understand. Additionally, as an investor, it will typically be risky for you to conduct business on this kind of peer-to-peer platform. Additionally, the four-party business must consider consideration of factors including the following:

  • Different platforms to have different structures for direct and indirect investments

  • Varying degrees of "skin in the game."

Only peer-to-peer platforms operating under the four-party business strategy offer the repurchase guarantee to its users. It is safer and more analogous to traditional investment in promissory notes to make direct loans to companies, real estate, or individuals where there is only one serious party engaged, when assets are protected with transparent legal papers established, and where there is only one party involved.

A Closing Statement from Sneakypeer

Carry out your own independent research and maintain consistent monitoring of your assets in order to identify any potential warning signs that may assist you in rescuing your money.

It is important to keep in mind that investing simply in loans that are protected by a repurchase guarantee is not the best investment plan and that diversification across reputable platforms, as well as various loan kinds, is, in general, a far better investment strategy. Make sure the repurchase guarantee makes sense and is reasonable before investing in loans covered by this guarantee. For example, Fast Invest once offered 3 day buyback guarantees which made no sense and was a huge red flag. It is important to remember that if a large number of loans default, a loan originator may not be able to buy back all loans. As a result, repurchase guarantees are meaningless when a loan originator defaults or macroeconomic circumstances affect the entire portfolio.